Chitra Gurnani Associate Professor Department of Chemistry

Dr. Chitra Gurnani is an Associate Professor at MEC’s School of Natural Sciences. Her Research interest is focused on the Synthesis and reactivities of main group compounds with neutral and anionic nucleophilic Ligands. She has published several papers and also awarded as Newton International Fellowship (2011-2013)- awarded by The Royal Society, UK.

  • Education
    • PhD in Chemistry from MDS University, Ajmer, India - 2006-2009
    • M.Sc. (Chemistry) from MDS University, Ajmer, India - 2005
    • B.Sc. (Chemistry Hons) from MDS University, Ajmer, India - 2003
  • Research
    • Expertise in materials deposition by chemical vapour deposition (LPCVD and AACVD) and thin film characterisation techniques including thin film/powder XRD, SEM, EDX, Raman and AFM.
    • Highly experienced in synthetic inorganic chemistry including air and moisture sensitive compounds using both Schlenk line and glove box techniques.
    • Acquisition and interpretation of data from multiple spectroscopic techniques such as FT-IR, Raman a various multinuclear NMR spectroscopy (including metal nuclei, 77Se,125Te).
    • Experience of data collection, solution and refinement for structure determination by single crystal X-ray Diffraction.
    • Conducted beamtime Microfocus XRD experiments at (I18) Diamond Light Source, Harwell Science and Innovation Campus, Didcot, Oxfordshire, UK
  • Awards
    • Newton International Fellowship (2011-2013) - awarded by The Royal Society, UK. The fellowship is an individual award and is highly competitive (~ 7% success rates).
    • Commonwealth Split-Site Doctoral Scholarship (2007–2008) - awarded by the Foreign Commonwealth Office and Association of commonwealth universities, UK. Prestigious and competitive scholarship - only 14 across all subject areas in India in
    • Young Scientist Award (2006) - Prof A.K. Dey Memorial Award at 43rdAnnual Convention of Chemists of Indian Chemical Society, Aurangabad, India.
    • Young Scientist Award (2006) - B.M.L Bhasin Memorial Award at 42nd Annual Convention of Chemists of Indian Chemical Society, Kolkata, India
    • Best Student Award (2005) - M.Sc. Chemistry, MDS University Ajmer, India
  • Publications

    Journal Papers

    1. C. Gurnani,  S. L. Hawken,  A. L. Hector,  R. Huang,  M. Jura, W. Levason,  J. Perkins,  G. Reid, G. Stenning, “Tin(iv) chalcogenoether complexes as single source precursors for the chemical vapour deposition of SnE2 and SnE (E= S, Se) thin films”, Dalton Trans., 2018, 47, 2628-2637.
    2. S. L. Benjamin, C. H. de Groot, C. Gurnani, S. L. Hawken, A. L. Hector, R. Huang,  M. Jura,  W. Levason,  E. Reid, G. Reid, S. P. Richards, G. Stenning, “Compositionally tunable ternary Bi2(Se1xTex)3 and (Bi1ySby)2Te3 thin films via low pressure chemical vapour deposition” J. Mater. Chem. C, 2018, 29, 7734-7739. 
    3. R. Huang, S. L. Benjamin, C. Gurnani, Yudong Wang, A. L. Hector, W. Levason, G. Reid, C. H. (Kees) De Groot, “Nanoscale arrays of antimony telluride single crystals by selective chemical vapor deposition”, Nature-Sci. Rep. 2016, 6, 27593.
    4. C. Gurnani, N. Đorđević, S. Muthaiah, D. Dimić, R. Ganguly, M. Petković, D. Vidović  “Extending the chemistry of carbones: P–N bond cleavage via an SN2′-like mechanism” Chem. Commun., 2015, 51, 10762-10764.
    5. Y. K. Loh, C. Gurnani, R. Ganguly, D. Vidović, “A Dicationic Iminophosphane.” Inorg. Chem., 2015, 54, 3087−3089.
    6. S. L Benjamin, Y.  Chang, C. Gurnani, A. L. Hector, M.  Huggon, W. Levason, G. Reid, “Niobium (V) and Tantalum (V) halide chacogenoether complexes towards single source CVD precursors for ME2 thin Films.” Dalton Trans., 2014, 43, 16640. Selected for themed collection HOT articles Dalton Transactions 2014.
    7. S. L Benjamin, C. H. (Kees) de Groot, C. Gurnani, A. L. Hector, R. Huang, E. Koukharenko, W. Levason, G. Reid, “Controlling the nanostructures of bismuth telluride by selective chemical vapour deposition from a single source precursor.” J. Mat. Chem. A, 2014, 2, 4865-4869. 
    8. C. Gurnani, C. H. (Kees) de Groot, S. L Benjamin, A. L. Hector, R. Huang, K. Ignatyev, W. Levason, F. Thomas, G. Reid, “Area Selective Low Pressure CVD Growth of Titanium Diselenide Thin Films into Micro patterned Substrates.” Chem. Mater., 2013, 25, 4719-4724.
    9. R. Huang, P. N. Bartlett, S. L. Benjamin, C. Gurnani, A. L. Hector, A. Jolleys, G. P. Kissling, W. Levason, S. J. Pearce, G. Reid, C. H. (Kees) de Groot, “Selective Deposition of Phase Change Materials by Chemical Vapor  Deposition and Electrodeposition.” European\Phase Change and Ovonics Symposium (E\PCOS), 2013, 11-14.
    10. K. George, C. H. (Kees) de Groot, C. Gurnani, A. L. Hector, R. Huang, M. Jura, W. Levason, G. Reid, “Telluroether and Selenoether Complexes as Single Source Reagents for Low Pressure Chemical Vapor Deposition of Crystalline Ga2Te3 and Ga2Se3 Thin Films.” Chem. Mater., 2013, 25, 1829−1836. 
    11. C. Gurnani, A. L. Hector, E. Jager, D. C. Pugh, W. Levason, G. Reid, "Tin(II) fluoride vs. tin(II) chloride – a comparison of their coordination chemistry with neutral ligands." Dalton Trans., 2013, 42, 8364-8374. 
    12. K. George, C. H. (Kees) de Groot, C. Gurnani, A. L. Hector, R. Huang, M. Jura, W. Levason, G. Reid, “Low pressure chemical vapour deposition of crystalline Ga2Te3 and Ga2Se3 thin films from single source precursors using telluroether and selenoether complexes.” Physics Procedia., 2013, 142-148. (Special Issue EUROCVD19 Nineteenth European Conference on Chemical Vapor Deposition).
    13. C. H. (Kees) de Groot, C. Gurnani, A. L. Hector, R. Huang, M. Jura, W. Levason, G. Reid, “Highly Selective Chemical Vapor Deposition of Tin Diselenide Thin Films onto Patterned Substrates via Single Source Diselenoether Precursors.” Chem. Mater., 2012, 24, 4442–4449. 
    14. C. Gurnani, M. Jura, W. Levason, R. Ratnani, G. Reid, M. Webster, “Preparation and structures of tellurium (IV) halide complexes with thioether coordination.” Dalton Trans., 2009, 4122-4128. 
    15. C. Gurnani, M. Jura, W. Levason, R. Ratnani, G. Reid, M. Webster, “Synthesis, characterisation and structures of thio-, seleno- and telluro-ether complexes of indium (III) halides.” Dalton Trans., 2009, 1611-1619. 
    16. C. Gurnani, W. Levason, R. Ratnani, G. Reid, M. Webster, “Synthesis, characterisation and structures of thio-, seleno- and telluro-ether complexes of gallium (III).” Dalton Trans., 2008, 6274-6282. 
    17. J. Drake, C. Gurnani, S. Maheshwari, R. Ratnani, “Crystal structure of Bis[O,O’-di(p-tolyl)thiophosphoryl]disulphide,[(p-MeC6H4O)2PS2]2.” Anal. Sci., 2008, 24(9), x197-x198.
    18. J. Drake, C. Gurnani, M. Hursthouse, M. Light, M. Nirwan, R. Ratnani, “Synthesis and spectroscopic characterisation of dimethyl/di(n-butyl)tin(IV)bisO,O’-ditolyldithiophosphate) complexes. Crystal Structures of Me2Sn[S2P(OC6H4Me-o)2]2 and n-Bu2Sn[S2P(OC6H4Me-o)2]2.” Appl. Organometal. Chem., 2007, 21, 539 - 544. 
    19. A.  Bingham, J. Drake, C. Gurnani, M. Hursthouse, M. Light, M. Nirwan, R. Ratnani, “Triethyl ammonium salt of O,O’-bis(p-tolyl) dithiophosphate,  [Et3NH]+[4-MeC6H4O)2PS2]2.” J. Chem. Cryst., 2006, 36(10), 627-630.

    Book Chapters

    1. C. Gurnani, W. Levason and Reid G. (2013) Macrocyclic Thio-, Seleno-, and Telluroether Ligands. In: Reedijk, J. (Ed.) Elsevier Reference Module in Chemistry, Molecular Sciences and Chemical Engineering. Waltham, MA: Elsevier. 11-Sep-2013 doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-409547-2.00979-3.
    2. C. Gurnani, W. Levason and G. Reid. (2013) Acyclic Thio-, Seleno-, and Telluroether Ligands. In: Reedijk, J. (Ed.) Elsevier Reference Module in Chemistry, Molecular Sciences and Chemical Engineering. Waltham, MA: Elsevier. 11-Sep-2013 doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-409547-2.00887-8.

    Conference Presentations

    1. C. Gurnani, W. Levason, G. Reid, ”Selective Chemical Vapor Deposition of Nanoscale Arrays of Sb2Te3 “, 28thAnnual General Meeting of Material Research Society of India (MRSI-2017) IIT Bombay, Mumbai, India, (2017).
    2. C. Gurnani, W. Levason, G. Reid, “Chemical Vapor Deposition of Nanoscale Arrays of Main group chalcogenides”, UK-India Symposium on Functional Materials, University of Edinburgh, UK, (2016).
    3. C. Gurnani, D. Vidovic,” Comparison of reactivity of carbodiphosphorane with different phosphines”, 8th International Chemistry Conference, Singapore, (2014).
    4. C. Gurnani, R. Huang, C. H. (Kees) de Groot, A. L. Hector, W. Levason, G. Reid, “Chemical vapour deposition of main group chalcogenides: From precursor synthesis to phase change memory materials”, Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC), Dalton Division Conference, Warwick, UK, (2012).
    5. C. Gurnani, R. Huang, C. H. (Kees) de Groot, A. L. Hector, W. Levason, G. Reid, “Chemical vapour deposition of main group chalcogenides for application towards change memory materials”, RSC-South East Researcher Meeting-Inorganic and Materials Chemistry, Guildford, UK (2012).
    6. C. Gurnani, R. Huang, C. H. (Kees) de Groot, A. L. Hector, W. Levason, G. Reid, “ Chemical vapour deposition of main group chalcogenides: From precursor synthesis to phase change memory materials”, RSC-Challenges in Inorganic and Materials Chemistry (ISACS8), Toronto, (2012).
    7. C. Gurnani, R. Huang, C. H. (Kees) de Groot, A. L. Hector, W. Levason, G. Reid, “Selective chemical vapour deposition of main group chalcogenide thin films“, RSC Main Group Chemistry Interest Group (MGCIG) Annual General Meeting, London, UK, (2012).
    8. C. Gurnani, A. L. Hector, W. Levason, G. Reid, “Tellurium (IV) halide complexes with thioether coordination–synthesis, structure and effect of ligand architecture”, Coordination Chemistry Discussion Group, RSC, Dalton Division, Norwich, UK (2011).
    9. C. Gurnani, A. Jolleys, A. L. Hector, W. Levason, G. Reid, “Tellurium (IV) halide Complexes with Thioether Coordination”, RSC Main Group Chemistry Interest Group (MGCIG) Annual General Meeting, London, UK. (2011).
    10. C. Gurnani, R. Ratnani, W. Levason, G. Reid, “Chalcogenoether complexes with group 13 (Ga, In) halides”, International Conference on Organometallic Chemistry (ICOMC-2008), Rennes, France (2008).
    11. C. Gurnani, R. Ratnani, W. Levason, G. Reid, “Syntesis and characterisation of Group 13 (Ga, In) halide complexes with thioether and selenoether ligands”, AGICHEM-2008 - 7th International Conference on Inorganic Chemistry, Cardiff, UK. (2008).
    12. C. Gurnani and R. Ratnani, “Synthesis and spectroscopic characterization of dihalotin(IV) bis complexes of O,O’-diaryldithiophosphates”, 43rd Annual Convention of Chemists, Indian Chemical Society, Aurangabad, India. (2006).
  • Experience

    Research Fellow

    Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

    Project: Synthesis and reactivities of main group compounds with neutral and anionic nucleophilic Ligands

     

    Royal Society Newton Alumnus-(Follow on funding)

    Host: University of Southampton, UK

    Collaboration: ISIS, Science and Technology Facilities Council, UK

    Project: Development of new routes to metal chalcogenide thin films for the applications in

    Electronics and Spintronics

    Royal Society Newton International Fellow

    Host: University of Southampton, Southampton, UK

    Project: Phase change memory materials via CVD from p-block reagents

    • Synthesis and characterization of tailored reagents as single source precursors for metal chalcogenide deposition via LPCVD.
    • Very high selective deposition of crystalline SnSe2 and TiSe2 onto conducting TiN surface of lithographically patterned substrates.
    • First examples of metal telluride deposition from convenient single source telluroether reagents (Ga2Te3, Bi2Te3).Conductivities/resistivities of the deposited materials comparable to materials deposited by molecular beam epitaxy.
    • Project in collaboration between School of Chemistry and School of Electronics and Computer Science, University of Southampton, UK

    Assistant Professor  

    Central University of Rajasthan, Rajasthan, India

    • Delivered lectures and tutorials on the 2 year M.Sc. Chemistry programme (modules: Electrochemistry and Kinetics, Thermodynamics ca. 30 students per cohort).
    • Set and mark course work and exam questions associated with these lecture courses.

    Lecturer

    Regional Institute of Education, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India

    • Delivered lectures and tutorials to B.Sc. first, second and third year (Physical Chemistry) to ca 100 students per cohort.
  • Others

    INVITED TALKS

    • Invited talk at the Royal Society of Chemistry (UK)- India Deccan Local Section to deliver a lecture addressing UG and PG students on Dec 2015 on the topic “Women in Science” at St Ann’s College for Women, Mehdipatnam, Hyderabad.
    • Invited Talk at Science and Technology Facilities Council, Harwell Innovation Campus, Oxford, UK, March 2015, “Selective Chemical Vapour Deposition of Chalcogenide Alloys: From Single Source Precursors to Phase Change and Thermoelectric Applications.
    • Invited Talk at Department of Chemistry, University of Bath, UK, Feb 2015, “Chemical Vapour Deposition of Main Group Chalcogenides”

    WORKSHOPS

    • Participated in Workshop on “Advanced Material Characterisation techniques” organised by IIT-Hyderabad Aug 2019.

    RESEARCH FUNDING AWARDED

    • Newton International Fellowship Alumni follow-on funding (2015): ?6000 per annum
    • Newton International Fellowship (2011-2013) ?104,000
    • Alumni funding to be awarded for a period of 9 yrs.

    OTHER TEACHING EXPERIENCE

    • Co-supervised 2 undergraduate (Masters) project students, including guiding project objectives and day to day supervision at University of Southampton, UK (2011-2013).
    • Delivered a series of problem solving workshop sessions for first and second year M. Chem. (inorganic chemistry) at University of Southampton, UK (2011, 2012).
    • Conducted undergraduate tutorials for second year M. Chem. (inorganic Chemistry and materials chemistry) at University of Southampton, UK (2011, 2012).
    • Delivered lectures to M.Sc. Pharmaceutical Chemistry, MDS University, Ajmer, India.

    MEMBERSHIP OF PROFESSIONAL/LEARNED SOCIETIES

    • Member of the Royal Society of Chemistry, UK
    • Member of American Chemical Society
    • Member of Directed Assembly Network Grand Challenge, UK.